Saturday 16 April 2022

भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था एक दृषक्षेप व महाराष्ट्रातील राष्ट्रीय उद्याने आणि त्यांची स्थापना वर्ष

,भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था :- एक दृषक्षेप

• देशाची एकूण लोकसंख्या (२०११) :- १२१.०८ कोटी

• जगाच्या लोकसंख्येच्या शेकडा प्रमाण :- १७.७%
• लिंग गुणोत्तर (प्रती हजार पुरुषांच्या तुलनेत महिलांचे प्रमाण ):-  ९४३

• सर्वाधिक लिंग गुणोत्तर असलेले राज्य :- केरळ  (१०८४)

• जन्मदर (२०१७) :- २०.२ प्रती एक हजार

• मृत्यू दर(२०१७):- ६.३ प्रती एक हजार.

• महिला प्रजनन दर (२०१७) :-२.२
• अ) शहरी क्षेत्र :-१.७
• ब) ग्रामीण :- २.४

• शिशु मृत्यू दर(२०१७) :-
३३ (प्रती हजार जिवंत व्यक्ती)

अ) पुरूष:- ३२
ब) महिला :- ३२
क) ग्रामीण :- ३७
ड) शहरी:- २३

• सरासरी आयुष्मान:- ६८.८ वर्ष

अ) पुरूष:- ९७.३ वर्ष
ब) महिला :-७०.४ वर्ष


Question & answers

1. When is earth day observed?
(a) 20 March
(b) 22 April
(c) 5 June
(d) 24 September
Explanation: The Earth day is observed on 22 April every year. This day is celebrated to initiate efforts to save the earth.

2.  When was the first earth day observed?
(a) 1992
(b) 2001
(c) 1970
(d) 1982
Explanation: First earth day observed on April 22, 1970. In 2020 we are celebrating 50 years of its inception.

3. Who is called the father of earth day?
(a) Gaylord Nelson
(b) Vandana Shiva
(c) Wangari Maathai
(d) Mark Boyle
Answer: a
Explanation: Earth Day was founded by American senator Gaylord Nelson for environmental education.

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4. What is the theme of earth day 2020? 
(a) Rhyming with nature
(b) End Plastic Pollution
(c) Save our species
(d) Climate action
Explanation: The theme of earth day 2020 is 'Climate action'. While the theme for the 2019 earth day was 'Save our species'.

5. Earth day is an......event.
(a) Annual Event
(b) Two Year event
(c) Three-year event
(d) Four-year event
Answer: a
Explanation: Earth Day is an annual event celebrated by more than 1 billion people in 192 countries.

6. The first Earth Day celebrations took place in......
(a) Sweden
(b) USA
(c) Switzerland
(d) Japan
Answer: b
Explanation: The first Earth Day celebrations took place in the USA. This day brought around 20 million Americans out of the home to have a peaceful demonstration for environmental reform.

7. Which is a more appropriate reason to observe the earth day every year?
(a) To Support for environmental protection
(b) To protect the species
(c) To save the ozone layer
(d) None of the above
Answer: a
Explanation: The earth day is observed for the support for environmental protection. This support includes all types of efforts which essential for environmental protection.

8. Which of the following theme is not matched correctly?
(a) “Environmental and Climate Literacy: 2017
(b) Climate action:2020
(c) Save our species:2019
(d) End Plastic Pollution:2021
Answer: d
Explanation:'End Plastic Pollution' was the theme of 2018. While the theme of earth day 2020 is 'Climate action.'

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